Jul 23 – 26, 2018
Max Planck Institute for the science of light
Europe/Berlin timezone

Optical tools for large-scale in vivo Interrogation of neuronal activity underlying behavior

Jul 25, 2018, 10:30 AM
30m
Seminar room (Max Planck Institute for the science of light)

Seminar room

Max Planck Institute for the science of light

Staudtstraße 2 91058 Erlangen

Speaker

Prof. Alipasha Vaziri (Rockefeller University)

Description

The combination of optogenetics and high speed functional imaging are providing new opportunities to understand how the collective dynamics of neurons in functional networks leads to behavior.
While traditional imaging modalities based on two-photon imaging have relied on the manipulations of light in the spatial domain, multi-photon microscopy via femtosecond optical pulses can also provide a new degree of freedom via the pulse spectrum that can be used to “sculpt” the spatial localization of light within the sample. Using this approach in combination with genetically encoded calcium (Ca2+) indicators we have shown that near-simultaneous recording of whole-brain neuronal activity in C. elegans at single cell resolution is possible. Moreover, the combination of light sculpting microscopy with rapid volumetric scanning has allows for unbiased, high-speed and single-cell resolution volumetric calcium imaging in scattering tissues. Using this technique, we have shown that the activity of thousands of neurons in a mouse cortical column or the hippocampus can be captured in awake behaving animals.
Light-field microscopy in combination with 3D deconvolution and other more sophisticated mathematical signal demixing strategies is another highly scalable approach for high-speed volumetric Ca2+ imaging. Using this technique termed Seeded Iterative Demixing (SID), we have recently demonstrated video-rate recoding of neuronal activity within a volume of 0.6mm×0.6 mm×0.2 mm located as deep as 380μm in the scattering mouse during free behavior. These tools combined with high speed optogentic control of neuronal circuits, advanced statistics tools and mathematical modeling and will be crucial to move from an anatomical wiring map towards a dynamic map of neuronal circuits.
References:
1. Andrasfalvy, B., et al., Two-photon Single Cell Optogenetic Control of Neuronal Activity by Sculpted Light. PNAS, (2010). 107.
2. Losonczy, A., et al., Network mechanisms of theta related neuronal activity in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. Nature Neuroscience, (2010). 13(8): p. 967-72.
3. Schrodel, T., et al., Brain-wide 3D imaging of neuronal activity in Caenorhabditis elegans with sculpted light. Nature Methods, (2013). 10(10): p. 1013
4. Prevedel, R., et al., Simultaneous whole-animal 3D-imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy. Nature Methods, (2014) 11. 727–730
5. Prevedel, R., et al., Fast volumetric calcium imaging across multiple cortical layers using sculpted light Nature Methods, (2016) 13, 1021-1028
6. Nöbauer, T. et al., Video rate volumetric Ca2+ imaging across cortex using seeded iterative demixing (SID) microscopy, Nature Methods (2017), 14, 811-818
7. Skocek, O. et al., High-speed volumetric imaging of neuronal activity in freely moving rodents, Nature Methods (2018) AOP, doi:10.1038/s41592-018-0008-0

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